Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Action learning review - work design - Essay Example Considering personal objectives, work design should allow employees to find a sense of fulfillment and potential in their job. There should be particular attention given to employee perceptions regarding autonomy and the challenges of such an environmentAs a socio-technical system, work design is critical in the consideration of the human factors in the workplace. The objective is to be able to create an environment were workers can achieve job satisfaction, efficiency, effectivity and be able to have access to channels for the resolution of problems. In a company that operates on flexible hours and remotely, it is important to create work designs that can be accessed 24/7. At the same time, communication and resolution of policies and issues alike must be done in real time and promptly. At the same time, there should be consideration for security, privacy and sensitivity of programs to circumvent ant limitations that may develop from the nature or structure of the organization. It w as only recently, around in the early part of the 20th century that the value of human resources was given its much and due importance in the organization. Research had shown that employee commitment and satisfaction are highly correlated and this coincides with their intrinsic motivation to work and stick with the organization through its up and downs. Employees are willing to go beyond their call of duty if they have a high job commitment (Bartol & Martin, 1998). There is evidence that work designs are up to par: job satisfaction is high, there is low staff turnover and many employees have been with the company for more than two years which suggests employee commitment. In small organizations such as the one I am working in, the individual efforts are even higher in magnitude. The objectives for the design are to be able to endure that every employee will be given the opportunity and the capability to contribute fully to the company. This will be done by ensuring that work scenarios meet both the corporate and personal objectives, contribute to improving services and enhance effectivity and efficiency of processes and resources (Managing People & Organisations [MOP], 2007, p. 5). Corporate and Personal Objectives The company is in an industry that is competitive and technology oriented. Both of these factors emphasize the need to be responsive and sensitive to developments and trends not only in our main medium, online communications, but also to social trends and demographics. Therefore, the company must be able to have employees who will provide these competencies to develop. Considering this corporate objectives, the work design should afford employees the ability to deliver these needs to company (Niebel & Freivalds, 2002). At the same time, the design should be able to help the company ensure that employees reflect these needs in their work through their innovativeness and ability to deliver collaterals that support client requirements. Considering personal objectives, work design should allow employees to find a sense of fulfillment and potential in their job. There should be particular attention given to employee perceptions regarding autonomy and the challenges of such an environment (Mischel, 1968). The degree of autonomy viewed in a small organization like this is more than compared to a traditional and highly hierarchical management. The problem with too much autonomy could lead to the team inability to work cohesively with other members of the organization (Niebel & Freivalds 2002). Products and Services The company should consider the opinion of Rothwell and Sullivan (2005) who assert the value of non-traditional set ups. This can be particularly to our organization where employees work remotely and independently. In turn, there is an expected variance in the product and service development. Consider schedules alone: in a traditional set-up, people work on relatively the same schedules. In the company, since work is relatively more independent, this may not be a given condition. Therefore, there is less communication regarding products and services particularly on the evaluation phases. Clients will consider status, security, comfort and quality to be the essential
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Legal Transplants - Essay Example The establishment of a market economy and the introduction of an Ã¢â¬Ëopen doorÃ¢â¬â¢ policy in China have necessitated the need for internationalising Chinese law and there is an increased stress on legal assimilation or transplant, which is to be based on market-associated legal mechanisms. There is a fear in some corners that legal transplantation may end up westernising Chinese law, but to be an economic super power, there is a necessity for China to modernise its law. Much Chinese literature has stressed the need for harmonising or assimilating ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s law with that of international conventions and practices and transplanting into China western laws on market-associated mechanisms. The main objectives of economic and structural reforms and the freedom of productive forces are the main criteria for internationalisation of Chinese law6. Legal transfusions have been carried out around the globe. The rest of Asia has benefitted from the import of laws from China and many SouthÃ¢â¬âEast Asian nations have imported Islamic laws into their legal systems. There exists corroborative evidence that East African nations have benefited from the transplantation of Indian legal rules. The latest legal developments in Mozambique and Namibia have an influence from South African laws. And today, the close relationship between Africa and China could trigger a new transmission of legal models to support business transactions7. Laws that are consistent with the pre-existing social order or with the local atmosphere are more probable to be successfully transplanted and implemented. A nation is likely to derive economic advantage from a successful legal transplant, but this does not depend the legal ruleÃ¢â¬â¢s country of origin but whether it is the most apt to resolve a given... This paper stresses that the PRC government does not refer the international human rights accords as an instant legal source but rather as a reference point of legislation. This connotes that PRC does not want to imitate the exact treaty provisions in its national human rights law but may prefer to fine-tune the substance of international human rights provisions to suit with the Chinese or local scenarios. The author of the paper talks that other human rights deficiencies include, as discussed above, included coerced confessions, restriction of the right to be promptly charged or released and lack of client-lawyer privilege. Freedom to assemble and establish trade unions falls short of ICESCR provisions. It is suggested that a radical change within the Chinese political system is needed to introduce the Human Rights Law in tune with international human rights treaties. Legal adoption of international human rights laws in China should be tailored to the needs of the Chinese one-party system with enhanced safeguards for the ordinary citizen within an authoritarian rule-of-law government is the current need. This report makes a conclusion that if China really wants a total legal transplant of the international human treaty provisions into its HRL, it should endeavour to implement the following: it should fine tune some chosen laws to the prerequisites of the ICCPR; produce a reliable understanding of the Constitution that is unfailing with the ICCPR; introduce a constitutional amendment to include the norms of the ICCPR; and insert a rule in its ordinary statutes or in its Constitution that requires a prior application of the ICCPR.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Equal Human Rights for Women Essay This paper explores human rights issues as it relates to women; the right to work; the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to be treated equally, the right to autonomy, and the violations of basic human rights. I will reflect on how the issue of equality for women is addressed nationally and globally. In discussing human rights related to womenÃ¢â¬â¢s issues of social injustice by industrial and global exploitation, I explore ways in which social workers commit to equality and what current attitudes may need to be refined. I discuss how global exploitation continues to oppress and stigmatize females. This paper also examines barriers to change and how empowering women can raise their understanding of human rights and the process of change. In July of 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, based on the Declaration of Independence statement on equal rights for all, The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions demanded the equality of men and women in several issues including the right to vote (Stanton Anthony, 1997). This proposed resolution stated, Ã¢â¬Å"The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over herÃ¢â¬ (Stanton, 1889). Thus, in the United States, the plight began for equal rights for women in a male dominated world. Considering the period of time human beings have inhabited this planet, the concept of equality of the human sexes is a rather new prospect. Men are generally physically stronger than women and have exploited this for centuries influencing societies, religions and traditions. They have created for themselves arenas which are beneficial and convenient for them however abusive and oppressive for women. In many countries, including our own, religion and tradition are often used as justification for not implementing equal rights. According to UNICEF, working women globally not only earn significantly less than men, they own far less property and still maintain the majority (80%) of household work (UNICEF, 2007). Biases in property law and inheritances also make women (and children by virtue of being born to women) more vulnerable to poverty. Historically, and in some countries currently, violence against women was/is generally acceptable and at times, considered necessary (i.e. honor killings). So how do we advocate for change from centuries of oppression and discrimination towards women? Ending discrimination in all forms and advocating for social justice is the concrete foundation and commitment of the Social Worker. The National Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics states Ã¢â¬Å"Social Workers should act to expand choice and opportunity for all people, with special regard for vulnerable, disadvantaged, oppressed, and exploited people and groups (NASW, 2000, 6.04b). Social work practices, policies, and services must continue to address the disadvantages women and girls face. Advocacy for equal education, health care, employment, protection from violence, and rise from poverty for women is essential. According to NASW ethical principles, Social Workers respect the inherent dignity and worth of a person and are consistently proactive in helping people in need and advocating for social justice. In 1945 in its preamble, the United Nations and the peoples therein declared their commitment to Ã¢â¬Å"fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and smallÃ¢â¬ (United Nations, n.d.), solidifying their commitment toward equal rights for women. Social Workers and the nations representing the world have sworn their allegiance to ensuring impartiality between the sexes. But how far have we come in successfully accomplishing this goal? Jessica Valenti, a writer for the Washington Post states in her article For women in America, equality is still an illusion (2010), Ã¢â¬Å"despite the indisputable gains over the years, women are still being raped, trafficked, violated and discriminated against not just in the rest of the world, but here in the United States. And though feminists continue to fight gender injustices, most people seem to think that outside of a few lingering battles, the work of the womens movement is done.Ã¢â¬ This especially rings true to me. There are still so many serious injustices against women here in the United States (i.e. violence, trafficking, unequal pay, unequal governmental representation, etc.) but the general public rejects this fact, therefore, we are only beginning to tackle this problem. Many programs which support, empower, and assist women toward self-determination (NASW, 1.02) have been created however progress is slow and many more are needed. How is the rest of the world fai ring toward the goal of equal rights for women? Read more:Ã Why Should Women Have Rights? There is a saying in Ghana, Ã¢â¬Å"If you educate a man, you simply educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nationÃ¢â¬ (WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights worldwide, 2007). But, unfortunately, being a woman in a developing country could mean a life of poverty, abuse, exploitation, and deprivation. In some countries, girl babies are killed because boy babies are considered more valuable. Woman worldwide own 1% of the property however work two-thirds of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s labor and earn 10% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s wages. Honor killings (those women determined to dishonor a family) still occur in at least 17 countries identified by the United Nations. In 1980, the United Nations supported the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, sometimes referred to as the international bill of rights for women, where nations committed to end discrimination against women. People around the world express support for these world conferences and gender equality however people in many countries say inequalities persist. A 22-nation survey by Pew Research CenterÃ¢â¬â¢s Global Attitudes Project in the spring of 2010 suggests the world supports gender equality however many more changes are needed and change is less than vigorous. The following study chart describes the percentage of countries views on who has a better life and who supports equal rights (Pew Research Center, 2010). In my research of global rights for women established by macro entities toward practice and policy change, the Worldwide WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Integrated Society for Everyone and Everything best defines a global bill of rights for women which I admire and support. They call this The Thirteen Rights Ã¢â¬â A Global Bill of Rights for Women. It includes the following: 1) The right to vote in all elections 2) Equal representation in the government 3) The right to assemble and access to communication 4) Females will be educated equally to males 5) Freedom of movement 6) Freedom of marriage or non-marriage 7) The right to carry weapons for protection 8) The right to own property 9) Equal rights, pay, and access to work 10) The right to choice of personal appearance 11) The right to birth control 12) The right to safely terminate a pregnancy 13) The sanctity of female genitals. The International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) recognizing social workersÃ¢â¬â¢ commitment to human rights and equal treatment for all human beings, issued an international policy on women in 1999. Policy Statement 5.1 best sums up the views of international social workers by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights are human rights. To the extent that women and girls do not enjoy equal rights, their common human needs, and those of their families, will not be fully met and their human potential will not be fully realized. Therefore, the social work professionÃ¢â¬â¢s core commitment to human rights must involve a commitment to protecting and preserving the basic rights of all women and girls. Women of all ages and at all stages of the life cycle deserve protection from discrimination in all forms, including the elimination of all forms of gender-specific discrimination and violenceÃ¢â¬ (IFSW, 1999). I am in complete agreement with the NASW and IFSWÃ¢â¬â¢s policies on equal rights for women. We must continue to research the effectiveness of national and international programs and reorganize, if necessary, to ensure delivery of rights to women everywhere. As social workers, it is imperative to advocate for all human rights, especially those oppressed, as women have been for centuries. We can do this through support, education, opportunities, and empowerment. I would like to see the United Nations imply sanctions to those entities that profess commitment to equal rights yet in reality do not Ã¢â¬Å"practice what they preachÃ¢â¬ . In this paper I have reviewed the journey toward equal rights for women on a personal, national and internationally level. Historically weÃ¢â¬â¢ve lived in a male-dominant world and the concept of equal rights for women has been generally foreign to global communities. Social workers are instrumental in expressing to each other and to the world the importance of dignity and worth of every person and the significance of a just and honorable society. In creating policies to define the rights of women, we must follow-through with punishing injustice practices in our own society and the global community. We still have a long way to go! References International Federation of Social Workers. (2012, February). Policies women. Retrieved from http://ifsw.org/policies/women/ National Association of Social Workers. (2000) Code of ethics of the national association of social workers. Washington, DC. National Association of Social Workers. (2012). Social work speaks: National Association of Social Workers policy statements 2012-2014. 9th edition. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Pew Research Center. (2010). Gender equality universally embraced, but inequalities acknowledged. Pew Global Attitudes Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewglobal.org/2010/07/01/gender-equality/ Sowers, K. M., Rowe, W. S. (2007). Social work practice and social justice: From local to global perspectives. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Stanton, E. C. (1889). A history of woman suffrage. (Vol. 1, pp. 70-72). Rochester, NY: Fowler and Wells. Stanton, E. C., Anthony, S. B. (1997). The Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony papers project. In A. Gordon (Ed.), Declaration of sentiments and resolutions (Vol. 1). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Retrieved from http://ecssba.rutgers.edu/pubs/volume1.html UNICEF. (2007). Women and children the double dividend of gender equality. (p. 36). The state of the worlds children, (2007), Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/sowc07/docs/sowc07.pdf References Valenti, J. (2010, February). For women in america, equality is still an illusion. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/19/AR2010021902049.html WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights worldwide. (2007). Working against the oppression of women around the world. Retrieved from http://womensrightsworldwide.org/ Worldwide Womens Integrated Society for Everyone and Everything. (n.d.). thirteen rights Ã¢â¬â a global bill of rights for women. Retrieved from http://globalwomensrights.org/index.php
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the characters Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan are said to be in love, but in reality, this seems to be a misconception. In this novel, Fitzgerald portrays the themes of love, lust, and obsession through the characters of Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan, who confuse lust and obsession with love. By the end of the novel however, Jay Gatsby is denied his Ã¢â¬Å"loveÃ¢â¬ and sacrifices his life for a woman who never gives him a second thought. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Jay Gatsby was a wealthy businessman who gained his money through the illegal practice of bootlegging. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s love interest, Daisy Buchanan, was a materialistic woman who was married to the domineering Tom Buchanan. She seemed to care for nothing more than money. Gatsby was in love with Daisy, and went to all lengths to win her over. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s only motivation for obtaining all of the money that he did was to become appealing to Daisy. Since Daisy was married, the idea of love between Gatsby and Daisy was forbidden. This very concept made the relationship all the more desirable. Gatsby becomes obsessed with his relationship with Daisy to the point that he was delusional. His only objective was to win Daisy back. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã When Tom learns of Gatsby and DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s secret affair, he is outraged. Tom thought that to love someone, you had to have complete dominance over them. When he realized that he had lost control of Daisy, he panicked but because he senses that Daisy does not love him anymore and, therefore, he cannot control her. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Lust can completely overpower a person until they become controlled by it. By the end of this book, Gatsby becomes obsessed with his lust for Daisy. He wanted so much to have her, this she consumed every aspect of his life. He thought that he could turn back the hands of time and make Daisy love him again, but this proved to be simply impossible. Daisy was not willing to risk her social status for love, proving the of money and power was more important to her than love.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
The period of Cold War literature dating from the second half of the twentieth century is distinctly seen as a time of enduring relevance; marked with a deep moral questioning of morality and the institution, a heightened sense of paranoia, as well as with a firm shattering of religious persuasion. Significant texts arise from particular ways of thinking to reflect both a societal loss of innocence and social naivety, presenting a widely pessimistic picture of a civilisation awaiting imminent annihilation. A strong reaction to the context of After the Bomb, which created a sense of fragmentation and social alienation, the Cold War texts of The Spy Who Came in From the Cold by John Le Carre, Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett, and Peter GeorgesÃ¢â¬â¢ Red Alert all arise from particular ways of thinking evident in the philosophical, religious, economic and technological paradigms of the period and thus they possess an enduring relevance.Could Cold War Have Been Avoided? The questions surrounding both the reasoning and necessity of the dropping of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki arguably surround the most significant moral debate of the twentieth century and it is in this context, that GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s Red Alert and The Spy Who Came in From the Cold by Le Carre, explore the philosophical reasonings of morality. The Spy who came in From the Cold raises such concerns as it shatters illusions of the previously perceived Ã¢â¬Ënoble cause'. This is evidenced as Control briefs Leamus when he rationalises that Ã¢â¬Å"the ethic of our workÃ¢â¬ ¦ we do disagreeable thingsÃ¢â¬ ¦ we are defensiveÃ¢â¬ . This not only causes the reader to question the Ã¢â¬Å"ethicÃ¢â¬ of intelligence operations but also to compare the actions of both the East and the West throughout the novel. Additionally the emphasis of the italicised Ã¢â¬Å"defensiveÃ¢â¬ highlights the belief that such operations cause concern, as the manipulation and deception of others by the Circus causes the readers to weigh up the Ã¢â¬Å"ethicsÃ¢â¬ . This is highlighted especially as it becomes apparent that the British are instigating the protection of a former Nazi, another scenario raising concerns of morality. Control then says that Ã¢â¬Å"intelligence work has one moral law Ã¢â¬â it is justified by resultsÃ¢â¬ . Control, as suggested by his title, hold considerable power which The use of Ã¢â¬Å"lawÃ¢â¬ suggests a concrete framework of standards and expectations, which is not only unrealistic within an intelligence setting, but also a complete untruth, Control having just said that they are Ã¢â¬Å"defensiveÃ¢â¬ . Additionally the issue of amorality surfaces within the conversation between Control and Leamus as the reader questions whether the Ã¢â¬Å"resultsÃ¢â¬ justify the means. Likewise, when Fielder interrogates Leamus there is a discussion about philosophical and ideological beliefs of British and East German intelligence agents. Fielder believes in that Ã¢â¬Å"the whole is more important than the individualÃ¢â¬ . This statement, explicit and direct, emphasises options of morality for both. Similarly, perhaps as a justification, it is also said that Ã¢â¬Å"it is expedient that one man should die for the benefit of manyÃ¢â¬ . Apart from a criticising intelligence work, Le Carre also questions both the direction and morality/amorality of humanity itself. Through the use of Ã¢â¬Å"benefitÃ¢â¬ , the reader is forced to ask if any death is a Ã¢â¬Å"benefitÃ¢â¬ to society, allowing contextual components to come into play. Similarly, GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s Red Alert as a text is characterised by intensified questioning of humanity and human values. The sustained metaphor likening General Quinten to the mongoose who kills the snake from Rudyard KiplingÃ¢â¬â¢s Rikki Tikki Tavi spans most of the novel. The juxtaposition of Rikki Tikki Tavi with General Quinten highlights the debate surrounding Ã¢â¬Å"aggression for self-defenceÃ¢â¬ , which juxtaposes both scenarios in irony. Another philosophical facet of Red Alert is the validity and morality of the institution. This is a particularly potent issue shown through the rare satirical undercurrent of the Pentagon War Room. Satire is used by George throughout the meetings of Ã¢â¬Å"big bomb diplomacyÃ¢â¬ as leaders from East and West throw around moral questions of whether there is a difference in killing Ã¢â¬Å"thirty millions or sixty millionsÃ¢â¬ . This, in addition to the granting of permission to destroy an un-evacuated Atlantic city so that Ã¢â¬Å"few would have to suffer for the sake of manyÃ¢â¬ highlights contempt for political institutions making decisions for the world, who through the use of alliteration are Ã¢â¬Å"powerless to preventÃ¢â¬ . This also relates to FiedlerÃ¢â¬â¢s belief in that it is Ã¢â¬Å"expedient that one man should die for the benefit of manyÃ¢â¬ . Thus through the questioning of morality in Cold War society, both Le Carre and George, present texts which both depict highly differing perspectives of their surrounding world and which are, to a large extent shaped by the particular ways of thinking present at the time. Thus both texts possess an enduring relevance through the challenging of ideas such as morality and the presence of seeming amorality. The Cold War era was one of permeating anxiety, vulnerability and fear especially pertaining to the fatal flaws of science, as well as to those attributed to the human condition as conveyed in Peter GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s Red Alert and Samuel BeckettÃ¢â¬â¢s Waiting for Godot. Winston ChurchillÃ¢â¬â¢s 1946 Sinews of Peace alleged that Ã¢â¬Å"with cooperationÃ¢â¬ ¦in scienceÃ¢â¬ ¦there will be an overwhelming sense of securityÃ¢â¬ . Red Alert is a text, seemingly devoted to the disproving of this affirmation. The novel invalidates the Ã¢â¬Å"safetyÃ¢â¬ of the machine, particularly through the ironic repetition of the acronym for Mutually Assured Destruction, MAD. Similarly, the religious imagery of explosives Ã¢â¬Å"crossed and recrossed in a lethal patternÃ¢â¬ is both symbolic of the danger and fatality of nuclear technology, and foreboding of the Ã¢â¬Å"self-immolation [of] their destined endÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â a reference to the perceived martyrdom of the appropriately named Alabama Angel bombers. In 1961, John F Kennedy stated Ã¢â¬Å"the world is living under a nuclear sword of Damocles which can be cut by accident, miscalculation, or madness. Ã¢â¬  It seems the fatal flaw of technology, as conveyed in Red Alert, is human nature. This is particularly evident as Ã¢â¬Å"no system yet devised is proof against any and all human failingsÃ¢â¬ ¦the human element has failed usÃ¢â¬ which again plays on the threat of technology as well as alludes to the existing atmosphere of paranoia prevalent throughout both the novel, and the Cold War period. Similarly, in Waiting for Godot Ã¢â¬Å"Beckett is concerned withÃ¢â¬ ¦demythification, with exposing myths such asÃ¢â¬ ¦scienceÃ¢â¬ . Through absurdism, Beckett conveys the Ã¢â¬Å"dark summationÃ¢â¬ of the human condition with compassion and humour. The seeming nothingness of the existence and experience of all characters in the play can be distressing for the audience, who are presented with a disillusioned, harsh depiction of their world. This is somewhat symbolic of the realities of the human condition in relation to despair, fear and loneliness in an alien and hostile universe. Additionally, the relentless cycle experienced as Vladimir says Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be back tomorrowÃ¢â¬ ¦ then the day afterÃ¢â¬ ¦and so onÃ¢â¬ creates both pity but also fear for the audience especiallyu as Estragon asks Ã¢â¬Å"why donÃ¢â¬â¢t you help me? , thus appealing to Vladimir but also the audience who are both powerless to offer help and protection. It is thus evidenced in both Waiting for Godot and Red Alert, that the fear and paranoia depicted in both texts is to a large extent a reflection of the ways of thinking of the time. The impact of the political context of the Cold War in clearly evident in Le CarreÃ¢â¬â¢s The Spy Who Cam e in from the Cold, however, in Samuel BeckettÃ¢â¬â¢s play Waiting for Godot, although still existent, the political influence and ways of thinking is somewhat more subtle. The Cold War era is often characterised by deceit, manipulation and betrayal, thus challenging values of honour and loyalty as society learnt of defections and double agents. The idea of manipulation, perhaps an illusion to political manipulation, is conveyed strongly in The Spy who came in from the Cold particularly through the use of repeating images of children, which appear throughout the text as symbols of innocence, easily swayed by others. The manipulation of Liz in the courtroom Ã¢â¬Å"like a blind childÃ¢â¬ conveys the potential control over interpretation through the suppression of context. The simile not only likens Liz to the ideas of innocence and naivety but also raises the question of whether there can be truth without context. Similarly, the novel sustains repetition of an image haunting Leamus; that of a Ã¢â¬Å"small car smashed between great lorries and the children waving cheerfully through the windowÃ¢â¬ . The obvious conclusion drawn by readers is of the lorries as a metaphor for the ideological conflict between East and West, communism and democracy. The small car on the other hand has numerous connotations potentially being Leamus, society in general as a helpless unit, or even the opposing nations caught in between the ideological forces. The Ã¢â¬Å"children waving cheerfullyÃ¢â¬ presents an image of innocence, and lack of awareness, a stark contrast to the looming lorries. Thus, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold reflects, to a very large extent the political atmosphere of the Cold War, and thus possesses enduring relevance as a depiction of reality for many throughout the era. Thus, the particular ways of thinking present throughout the Cold War period largely influenced the composition of The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, Waiting for Godot, and Red Alert. The permeating philosophical, scientific, political and religious paradigms give all three texts an enduring relevance in the modern, twenty-first century context.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Value Chain Model and Competitive Force Model BUSA 310: Dr. Chris Lee Carl Field Justin Kelly Jacob Augustine Monique Becker Value Chain Model [pic] Value Chain Model of United Postal Service United Postal Service (UPS) and every business has a Value Chain Model in order to be able to make sure that you have the best values for your internal and external customers. We have two activities, which are the Support and Primary. The UPS Support activities involve the Firm Infrastructure, Human Resource Management, Technology Development, and Procurement. The Firm Infrastructure has to deal with the important aspects of Financial Policy, Accounting, and Community Affairs. In order to make sure that UPS has the bestÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The center of the CFM (competitive forces model) lists intraindustry rivals of UPS. Four forces act upon the intraindustry rival list, above the list is Potential New Entrants, left of the list is Bargaining Power of Suppliers below the list is Substitute Products or Services, right of the list is Bargaining Power of Buyers. All forces act upon UPS and its rivals, and appear so on the diagram by way of directional arrows. Potential New Entrants is a vitally important force, new entrants can mean heightened competition and potential new rivals. Parcel delivery service requires large up front costs requiring the contracts for the purchase or rental of assets capable of delivery such as trucks and planes. Entry into the parcel delivery service is difficult, but can be made possible to improvements and innovations within inbound and outbound logistics. Entry or blocking entry is possible by gaining an advantage within logistics, CFM lists faster delivery providers, lower cost providers, better and more efficient logistics methods. Gaining an advantage for oneself in any of these avenues ensures market share improvement for UPS but also rivals DHL, USPS, and FedEx. Bargaining Power of Suppliers is relatively low; UPS owns many of its own fleet and keeps it up to date and functional. Suppliers of airline equipment serve the every whimShow MoreRelatedValue Chain Analysis And An alysis1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdiscuss and explore the value chain analysis and the internal analysis in the strategic management. The focus of this report is to study the value chain analysis in detail along with the advantages and disadvantage of the value chain analysis. Also, the internal analysis is also discussed along with its pros and cons and the SWOT analysis of Next Plc. 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Michael Porter (1985) in his book competitive advantage states that Ã¢â¬Å"understanding how a business creates value are essential elements for developing a competitive advantage.Ã¢â¬ . According to porter (1985) value chain is Ã¢â¬Å"the process view of an organization, the idea of seeing an organization as a system, made up of subsystems each with inputs, transformationRead MoreEssay about Value Chain Analysis1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesValue Chain Analysis Many organizations do not achieve the profits they anticipate by using incorrect methods or models to determine the true costs of products and services. This failure to correctly assess the costs associated with business not only affects the profit margin, but the organizations competitive advantage as well. In order to asses whether the organization is failing to realize optimum resource allocation, the organization should look at the methodology first popularized by MichaelRead MoreValue Chain And DS Agency. Whether Selling A Product Or1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesValue Chain and DS Agency Whether selling a product or producing a service, companies have to find and establish a set of competitive advantages (Gertner, 2013). These advantages should be advantageous to the customer and also be sustainable to the company (Gertner, 2013). The value chain is a tool that companies can use to analyze the steps they need to take to provide the highest level of service to its customers and create a competitive advantage (Blocher, Stout, Juras, Cokins, 2016). The valueRead MoreThe Value Of A Value Chain Essay1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA value chain may defined as network of companies which work hand in hand towards a common goal of meeting the customer demands and the stakeholder demands. The idea of value chain first came into existence after Michael Porter coined it. He basically said that the various activities which the organisations carry out to create and give value to its customers. He said that it basically consists of two main activities which are basically known as the primary activities and secondary activities. TheRead MoreInternal Environment Analysis1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInternal Analysis An Internal Analysis of a company focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of internal factors that give a company certain advantages and disadvantages in meeting the needs of its target market. Strengths refer to core competencies that give the firm an advantage in meeting the needs of its target markets. Weaknesses refer to any limitations a company faces in developing or implementing a strategy. The aim of the internal analysis is to identify the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths and weaknessesRead MoreValue Chain And Swot Analysis1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesVALUE CHAIN AND VRIO ANALYSIS Value chain analysis The value chain analysis determines all the elements of value chain significantly add or subtract value for Brinker International, Inc. (EAT). The competitor is Darden Restaurant, Inc. (DRI) in this value chain analysis. The time frame is March, 2016 and the preceding three to five year strategic horizon. The data resources used from 10-K 2015 of EAT and DRI. The two elements of the value chain most significantly add or subtract value for EAT are
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Introduction Taekwondo-A sport for the brave and willing. It is a perfect sport for a passionate, tough, and determined girl like me. Being a Taekwondo black belter, I have come to realize that patience is needed to endure in order to achieve my goals in life. Many people call me Ã¢â¬Å"HazelÃ¢â¬ . I was born on the fourth of August, 28 years ago. I am the eldest among the three of us. I am a registered nurse back when I was in the Philippines. Like any other nurses, I always dreamed of going out of our country to bring better future for my family. According to Edens (2015), New Zealand is one of the best countries to live. Since I am a person that loves travelling and adventures, I finally decided to chase my dream here in New Zealand. I am currently studying Diploma in Health Service Management Level 7. One of the subjects we have to take this second term is Facilitating Training and Development. One of the things I have learned in this course is the importance of writing a reflection paper. This paper shows a reflection what I have understood, realized, and learned in Facilitating Training and Development course. Journal entries First Journal Entry: On our second week, our tutor gave us the opportunity to write a peer evaluation. We were divided into pairs. When I first learned about the activity, I got thrilled because I wanted to know what my partner thinks about me. Also, I felt a bit worried on how my partner make a judgement about me. For me, the most interesting andShow MoreRelated Is Beowulf an Heroic Elegy or an Epic Narrative? Essay4711 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesIs Beowulf Ã an Heroic Elegy or an Epic Narrative? Ã Ã Ã Ã There is considerable debate as to whether the poem Beowulf is an epic narrative poem or an heroic elegy. Which is it. This essay intends to present both sides of the story. Ã Some great literary scholars think that the poem is an heroic elegy, celebrating the fantastic achievements of its great hero, and also expressing sorrow or lamentation for the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s unfortunate death. In Ã¢â¬Å"Beowulf: The Monsters and the CriticsÃ¢â¬ Tolkien states:Read MoreSocial Media Has Changed The Expectations Of Social Relationships2057 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagessince the rise of democracy came about, people have become set in the idea of being friends with everyone (Deresiewicz 7). This need to befriend everyone doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that all of those friendships are meaningful, committed, or that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve shared a personal experience. This just means that friendship is a feeling, not a commitment. Deresiewicz observes that, Ã¢â¬Å"In retrospect, it seems inevitable that once we decided to become friends with everyone, we would forget how to be friends with anyoneÃ¢â¬ (paraRead MoreA Commentary on, and Partial Analysis of, Nietzsches Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Pa rt 4, with Especial Reference to Discourses 11 to 204823 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesbrings Nietzsche home as more of a fleshy, palpitating thing than the previous dialogues did; in this part, his encounters are embodied: visceral as they previously were not (providing for the buffoon and the mob). In addition, the dominance of the narrative voice over part four distinguishes it from the previous three parts, with its ironic asides about the story it tells, suggest a partial removal (a telling of the tale from some other place) from the happenings it details: This, however, was theRead MoreThe World Is Flat8659 Words Ã |Ã 35 PagesHe is the president of Georgia Institute of Technology. When Clough became president of the college the graduation rate was only 65% and the atmosphere was dull. By altering the admission process to favor students who played a musical instrument or sports, Clough transformed the mood of the college. Students are more creative and have a higher rate of gradu ation. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Marx and Engels coauthored the Communist Manifesto, which has become one of the most influential politicalRead MoreShort Summary of the Great Gatsby11203 Words Ã |Ã 45 PagesMidwestern family. Educated at Yale, he has come to New York to enter the bond business. In some sense, the novel is Nicks memoir, his unique view of the events of the summer of 1922; as such, his impressions and observations necessarily color the narrative as a whole. For the most part, he plays only a peripheral role in the events of the novel; he prefers to remain a passive observer. Upon arriving in New York, Nick visits his cousin, Daisy Buchanan, and her husband, Tom. The Buchanans live in theRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words Ã |Ã 190 Pagesessays, and write critiques and chapter introductions: Aastha Gurbax and Uma Subramanian from the Class of 2008 and Will Boland, Linda Dempah, and Zachary Surak from the Class of 2009. We thank all the HBSstudents and alumni who kindly shared their personal es... says.We would also like to thank the staff of the Harbus, including Lauren Sullivan, Marianne Bakula, and Christie Cuthbert, for their encouragement and support. Lastly, we would be remiss if we did not express our gratitude for assistanceRead MoreParental Grief Essay14598 Words Ã |Ã 59 Pagescultural background, support and/or belief systems, and even the death or the type of death that occurred. As part of the grieving process, bereaved parents experience ups and downs and a literal roller coaster of emotions. For these parents, a personal history includes a past with the child and a present and future without the child. For most grieving parents, it is vitally important to verbalize the pain, to talk about what happened, to ask questions, and puzzle aloud, sometimes over and overRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesChoice Using Global Virtual Teams as an Environmental Choice 315 Myth or Science? Ã¢â¬Å"Teams Work Best Under Angry LeadersÃ¢â¬ 320 Self-Assessment Library What Is My Team Efficacy? 322 Point/Counterpoint We Can Learn Much About Work Teams from Studying Sports Teams 326 Questions for Review 327 Experiential Exercise Fixed versus Variable Flight Crews 327 Ethical Dilemma Unethical Teams 327 Case Incident 1 Why DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Teams Work Like TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re Supposed to? 328 Case Incident 2 Multicultural Multinational TeamsRead MoreMonsanto: Better Living Through Genetic Engineering96204 Words Ã |Ã 385 Pagesreal-life situation that faced managers as well as other stakeholders, including employees. A case presented in narrative form provides motivation for involvement with and analysis of a speciÃ¯ ¬ c situation. By framing alternative strategic actions and by confronting the complexity and ambiguity of the practical world, case analysis provides extraordinary power for your involvement with a personal learning experience. Some of the potential consequences of using the case method are summarised in Exhibit 1Read MoreI Love Reading Essay69689 Words Ã |Ã 279 Pagesvarious entrepreneurial networks Ã¢â¬â for sharing their experienc es and advice on Entrepreneurship in India. At the end of this report are proÃ¯ ¬ les of some entrepreneurial icons. NKC wishes to thank them for sparing their valuable time in providing these narratives. Dr. Ashok Ganguly Member, National Knowledge Commission Acknowledgements vii Executive Summary Why Entrepreneurship: Given the increasing signiÃ¯ ¬ cance and visible impact of Entrepreneurship in wealth-creation and employment-generation